For many their journey to Nepal would not be complete without a view of the highest mountain on Earth. It is just possible to see a distant view of Mountain Everest from the ridges of the Kathmandu Valley on a clear day. It is also possible to sit in the comfort of a plane seat for the experience. For true adventurers however settle only for a journey to the base of the mighty one for a more intimate meeting with the last earthly rung on the stairway to the heavens
The Everest or Upper Khumbu Region is the second most popular trekking area in Nepal; it is home to some of the highest mountains in Nepal; including Mt. Everest (8850m), Cho Oyn (8153m), Makalu (8470m). The region also contains one of the most stunningly beautiful peaks Ama Dablam (6856m).
The lure of Everest region lies in it's incredibly beautiful valleys, high passes that provide stunning vistas of the peaks beyond, Sherpa villages and the strangely exotic yet peaceful Buddhist culture. Many of the trekking trails traverses the valley of the Dudh Koshi River.The Everest Region is set within The Sagarmatha National Park immersed in natural beauty with verdant forests of blooming rhododendron, blue pine and fir. There are many high spots in the region Namche Bazaar a bustling bazaar, the famous monastery at Tengboche and the excursion to Kala Patthar on the way to the Everest Base Camp for the best view of Everest itself. The area also supports a large amount of high-Alpine wildlife, which includes the Himalayan Tahr, Musk Deer and The Pikka (mouse hare). Some of the more spectacular birds include the Snow Crow, Snow Pigeon and the Impeyan Pheasant (Danfe).
A word about the Sherpas.
The Solu Khumbu region is famous not only for the mountains but also for its people, the Sherpa's who migrated south from eastern Tibet over five hundred years ago. They are well acclimatized to the harsh realities of high mountain life. There are no equals where endurance is concerned which make them the driving force essential for all mountain expeditions in Nepal.
Sherpas have always been keen traders; some still maintain a nomadic lifestyle moving up and down the mountain terrain depending on the season in search of new pastures to graze their Yak. The milk of the Yak produces splendid cheese, high in fat and ideal for the harsh climate.
It is said there would be no Sherpa's without a Yak; along with dairy products, it is also provides transport, is a very good source of protein, gives oil for lanterns and also clothes and rugs which are either weaved from its hair or used as hide after death.
Sherpa's often trade over the Tibetan border and Yaks transport various goods to lower and higher altitudes dependent on seasonal need.
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